BIRD ROUTES Angkor Wat and Angkorian Culture


Angkor Wat Temple photo Nick Butler

The temples of Angkor are set amongst disturbed forest with permanent water sources in the barays or moats providing habitat for kingfishes; Black-capped and Common, cormorants, Oriental Darter, Woolly-necked Stork and occasionally seen Grey-headed Fish Eagle. Brown Bulbul, Oriental-pied Hornbill, Crested Serpent Eagle and Forest Wagtail can be found around the site. A species list of 30 - 35 can be expected. The Western Baray has recently proved an interesting birding location, with up to 27 River Lapwing seen in September 2012. The wonders of the temples themselves are more than worthy of a brief look as well!


 



Banteay Chma Temple photo Nick Butler

A trip to ATT can be extended overnight to include a visit to the proposed world heritage site of Banteay Chma temple built in the 12th centuary by Jayavarman VII. The baray a few kilometers from the temple is a potential birding site.

                                                                                                                        



Beng Melea Temple photo Nick Butler

2 temples can be visited on route to Tmatboey or Prey Veng. Beng Melea though smaller in size than Angkor is a large temple in the Khmer Empire. Built by Suryavarman in sandstone from nearby quarries at  Phnom Khulen in the early 12th century. It is similar in design to Angkor Wat. Extensive carving depicts scenes from Hindu mythology.








Koh Ker Temple photo Nick Butler

Koh Ker, 2 hours from Siem Reap and less than an hour from Tmatboey, dates back to the tenth century when during the reign of Jayavarman IV it was the capitol of the Khmer Empire.

The temple is comprised of a premier pyramidal complex towering 7 tiered over nearby monuments, prasats and the huge baray (pool – now empty) of Rahal in the surrounding forest.

                                                                                                                          



Prey Veng Temple photo Eleanor Briggs

A short walk from the campsite at Prey Veng lies an ancient temple with few records. The entrance is overshadowed by a copse of thick bamboo making the experience all the more magical. The complex consists of an outer wall and inner area where brick monuments are framed with carved stone lintels.


 

 

  

Prasat Phnom Sondark photo Nick Butler

 

Prasat Phnom Sondark takes a day to reach and return from Prey Veng, initially through paddy

fields then forest, while temple robbers have hacked off some of the carvings much remains intact. This is a hard walk but an exciting trip to a site seldom visited.

 

 

 

 

 


Preah Vihear Temple photo Nick Butler
              
Preah Vihear Temple about 80km North of Tmatboey and now an hour a half’s drive from Tmatboey, was built in the 9th century and dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. The earliest surviving parts of the temple date from the 10th Century when the Angkorian empire was at Koh Ker.

Most of the temple was constructed during the reigns of Suryvarman I & II from 1002 to 1150. The temple remains at the centre of a dispute between Cambodia and Thailand. Historically under French colonial rule the temple was Cambodian however following the withdrawal of French forces in the fifties it became a volatile issue. An international court in 1962 ruled it belonged to Cambodia and in 2008 it was declared a world heritage site for Cambodia, which Thailand disputes. The temple lies on top of a 500m escarpment and offers fantastic views South over the forests of Preah Vihear.




Sambor Prei Kuk Temple                       photo Nick Butler

Sambor Prei Kuk is on road from Tbeng Meancheay as you are leaving the preah Vihear sites 30km North of Kampong Thom. The complex encompasses more than 100 brick temples scattered throughout the surrounding protected forest. Originally called Isapanura, Sambor Prei Kuk was the capitol of the Chenla during the reign of the early 7th Century King Isanarvarm and continued to be an important learning centre during the Angkorian era.